Russia’s political capital and financial as well as cultural center. The city includes several must see attractions from the Kremlin and Red Square to the Assumption Cathedral. Moscow is the largest city in Europe complete with everything one could expect.
Trans-Siberian Route Description
The following summarizes the stops along the Trans-Siberian Railway from Moscow to Vladivostok. This is the world’s longest train journey. The trip is full of great scenery and gives you a chance to see some of Russia’s most interesting and diverse cities. To buy Trans Siberian train tickets just use the search box at the top of the screen and follow the directions
Built on the Klyza’ma River, Vladimir, founded in 995, was at one time a capital of Russia and its political, cultural and religious center. It has a reputation for its unique cathedrals, four of which are on the UNESCO World Heritage list. Some architectural gems requiring a visit, are the Uspensky (Assumption) Cathedral (1158-61) and the Golden Gate (1164).
This city was founded in 1221 and was a trading center for people from the Orient, Siberia and Turkistan. Formerly named Gorki, it held political exiles and was closed to outsiders for many years. The city recently opened its doors for visitors and its many well preserved memorials from the 13th and 14th centuries are an amazing attraction.
Kirov has a population of 350,000 and is the seat of a great agricultural center on the banks of the Vyatka River, a navigable river that connects with the Volga.
Perm lies about 800 miles east of Moscow on the western slopes of the Ural Mountains, and stretches along both sides of the Kama River. Perm was founded in 1568 as the village, Lagoshikha. Since 1756, Perm has been a center for Russia’s military manufacturing. By 1781, it was established as the administrative center of the northern Urals and gateway to Siberia.
Russia’s third largest city and the capital of the Urals. Sverdlovsk oblast is one of the most developed and advanced regions in Russia. It is very rich in minerals and raw materials and is a heavily industrialized area. It is located far from ethnic conflict areas and is politically stable.
Tyumen was the first Russian town in Siberia and has always been famous for rich trade fairs and skilled craftsman. The city was considered the richest Russian town in the pre-Soviet era. Today it’s an oil and gas capital.
Originally built as a fortification for Russia’s southern border by Peter the Great's guardsman Ivan Buchholz; when in spring of 1716 he and his detachment made a landing on the shore of the Irtysh, at the place where this powerful Siberian river joins the quiet Om. Thus, was founded the town of Omsk, which in our day has become the largest industrial and cultural center in Siberia.
The Siberia region’s largest city was founded in 1893. Novosibirsk is the third main cultural and scientific center in Russia (after Moscow and St. Petersburg) and also is home to the famous University of Novosibirsk. The city is developing quite rapidly, and is considered to be the capital of Siberia. The area around Novosibirsk and the Altai Mountains hold some incredible nature for the outdoorsmen.
Krasnoyarsk is turning into one of the most attractive regions in Russia for both Russian and foreign tourists. The region offers a unique combination of beautiful rivers and mountains, clean air, hunting and fishing, architectural sites and the ethnic culture of a unique northern nation.
A hazardous city with unsightly landscapes. Recently the construction of an oil pipeline between Russia and China, which would begin in Angarsk, has been discussed.
Irkutsk has over 600,000 people and is located on the Angara River. It is the starting point for many who adventure to the Lake Baikal area because it is a major point on the Trans-Siberian/Trans-Mongolian train route. Founded by Russians in 1652 as a major fort beyond the Ural Mountains, it was populated by exiled political prisoners sent by the tsars and communists. Today, the city has become a college town with many young people attending universities there.
Baikalsk is home to a popular ski and snowboard resort.
Ulan-Ude, founded in 1666, is a capital of the Buryt Autonomous Republic, which in the 13 - 17th centuries was a part of the vast Mongolian Empire. This a classic example of the Eastern influence in Russia.
- In Ulan-Ude, the Trans-Siberian splits into two different directions:
1) travels South though Guisinoye Ozero, Djida, Naushki (Russia) to Ulan-Bataar (Mongolia) to Beijing (China) – Trans Mongolian.
2) travels East through Chita to Vladivostok – Trans-Siberian.
A large industrial city and the center of the Chita region.
- 100 km after Chita (in Karymskaya) the Trans-Siberian splits into 2 routes: 1) East to Vladivostok, and 2) South through Manchuria to China (Trans-Manchurian).
- Evreiskaya region ends and Khabarovsky krai begins at 8481 km.
- Crosses Amur River at 8482 via the longest Trans-Siberian bridge (2612 meters) immediately following a long tunnel.
Located on the Amur River which bounds Russia and China, it’s a nice, friendly town and a good break from the time on the train.
The termination of the Trans-Siberian Railway. In 1860, an army squad landed on the bank of the Zolotoy Rog (Golden Horn) bay and built barracks; it was the first building in Vladivostok. Soon after that, Vladivostok became the main Russian port on the Pacific Ocean. An interesting seaport to explore, but a little risky as well.